THIS DAY,THAT YEAR

Today the 16th of October in:

1905: The Partition of Bengal  occurred on this day.

Interesting facts about the Partition of Bengal

  • The Partition of Bengal took place under Viceroy Curzon.
  • The reason for the partition were all administrative. Bengal was as large as France and had a significantly larger population. Curzon had stated that the eastern region was neglected and under-governed and hence, by splitting the province, an improved administration could be established there.
  • The partition was supported by the Muslims of East Bengal and their support was motivated by both their poor economic conditions in East Bengal, as well as the believed dominance of the Hindu businessmen in West Bengal over the governance of Bengal
  • In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of India and Pakistan.

 

Image result for lord curzon
Lord Curzon

1923: The Walt Disney Company is founded by Walt Disney & his brother, Roy Disney

Interesting Fact about the Walt Disney Company:

The company is famous for creating the children’s favorite cartoon character, Mickey Mouse. He was named Mortimer Mouse by Walt Disney but his wife Lilian changed it to Mickey Mouse.

 

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THIS DAY, THAT YEAR

2012: Malala Yousafzai a young Pakistani school girl shot in the head by a Taliban gunmen for advocating girls education in the Taliban ruled Swat Valley in Pakistan.

Interesting Facts about   Malala Yousafzai:

She wrote a blog for the BBC under the pen name ‘Gul Makai’ called “Diary of a School Girl” about her life under the Taliban.

She gave a speech on her 16th birthday at the United Nations about equal education for everyone. She was wearing a shawl worn by assassinated former  Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. She gave the famous slogan,“One  child,one book, one pen and one teacher can change the whole world”   

She is the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Malala Yousafzai

 

THIS DAY, THAT YEAR

1932: The merger of the kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz into the kingdom Saudi Arabia by Ibn Saud, the founder and first king of Saudi Arabia.

As the ruler he presided over the discovery  of petroleum in Saudi Arabia in 1938 and the beginning of large-scale oil production after World War II.

Interesting facts about King Ibn Saud:

  • King Ibn Saud fathered many children including 45 sons who all the subsequent kings of Saudi Arabaia
  • King Ibn Saud is one of the few people in the world who has a country named after him.
  • He is considered as the Father of Saudi Arabia.

Interesting facts about Saudi Arabia:

  • Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the world without a river.
  • The Arabian peninsula is the world’s largest peninsula.
  • Birth Control is illegal in Saudi Arabia.
  • Saudi Arabia remains an absolute monarchy and has the last significant monarchy in the world.
  • The country has been ruled by its founder, The Al Saud family since its inception on 23 September, 1923.
  • Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to the religion’s holiest shrines, Mecca and Medina.

 

 

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
King Al-Saud, The founder of Saudi Arabia 

 

THIS DAY, THAT YEAR

1896: Queen  Victoria, surpasses her grandfather King George III to become the longest reigning monarch in British History.

Her reign of 63 years & 7 months is known as the Victorian Era & was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.

Some interesting facts about Queen Victoria are :

  • She was only 18 years when she became the Queen of England.
  • She spoke several languages like English and German, French, Italian and Latin. Hindustani and Urdu phases  were taught to her by her favorite Indian attendant, Abdul Karim.
  • She was known as the grandmother of Europe because her nine children married into royal families across the European continent and it earned her the sobriquet “Grandmother of Europe”. Her 42 grandchildren could be found in the royal families of Germany, Russia, Greece, Romania, Sweden, Norway and Spain. Warring First World War royals Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany, Tsarina Alexandra of Russia and George V of Britain  were all her grandchildren.
  • She mourned the death of her husband, Prince Albert  for 40 years. Following Albert’s death, Victoria retreated from public life, adopting elaborate mourning rituals that rapidly became obsessive. As time went on, the situation began to spiral out of control as it became clear the queen’s period of mourning would last much longer than the two years that convention dictated. Consumed by grief, Victoria fell into a state of depression and began neglecting her royal duties. As she repeatedly refused to take part in public events, her popularity began to deteriorate.  It was not until the 1870s that Victoria was coaxed back into gradually engaging in public life once more.
Photograph of Queen Victoria, 1882
Queen Victoria 

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1888: The first issue of National Geographic is published.

The magazine is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society and contains articles about science, geography, history, and world culture.

National Geographic Magazine March 2017 Cover.jpg
March 2017 cover 

 

THIS DAY, THAT YEAR

Hey guys,sorry for the delay. Couldn’t find anything interesting to post.

1937:  J.R.R Tolkeins book , The Hobbit is published by  George Allen and Unwin in London.

The hobbits are a fictional, diminutive humanoids who inhabit the Middle Earth and  whose titular hobbit, Bilbo Baggins appears  in the book, The Lord of the Rings.

J.R.R Tolkein is a writer who is famous for writing The Lord of the Ring book series and the book is a spin-off of these  series.

 Interesting facts about the book and the author:

  •  The author of the series, J.R.R Tolkein and the author of the Narnia series, C.s. Lewis were good friends and both were college professors.
  • The initials J.R.R stand for John Ronald Reuel
  • The original print run of 1,500 copies sold out by December.
  • There isn’t a single female character in The Hobbit, and the only woman mentioned by name is Bilbo’s mother, Belladonna Took.

 

J.R.R Tolkein 

 

THIS DAY,THAT YEAR

Today the 10th of September in: 

2005: Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny’s Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.

The park consists of consists of seven themed areas:

  • Main Street, U.S.A.:  is the first “themed land” inside the main entrance of the many ‘Disneyland’-style parks operated or licensed by The Walt Disney Company around the world.
  • Fantasyland: Fantasyland is one of the “themed lands” at all of the Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. Each Fantasyland has a castle as well as several gentle rides themed after Disney movies.
  • Adventureland:  is themed to resemble the remote jungles in Africa, Asia, South America, and the South Pacific.
  • Tomorrowland: Each version of the land is different and features numerous attractions that depict views of the future.
  • Grizzly Gulch: Home to cowboys and pioneers, saloons, red rock buttes and gold rushes
  • Mystic Point: It is set in a dense, uncharted rain forest surrounded by mysterious forces and supernatural events.
  • Toy Story Land:  The area is based on the Disney·Pixar film series, Toy Story.

Some interesting facts about Disneyland, Hong Kong:

  • The Sleeping Beauty Castle in the Hong Kong Disneyland Park is the only Disney castle to feature a natural mountain in the background. The mountain is located within a country park reserve area.
  • Other than on Disney Cruise Line, Hong Kong Disneyland Park is the only place where Disney Guests can enjoy “The Golden Mickeys” musical
  • Hong Kong Disneyland’s Jungle River Cruise is the only one where cast members guide guests in three languages.

 

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Disney land , Hong Kong 

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1981: “The Smurfs” animated cartoon series by Hanna-Barbera first broadcasts in North America.

  • William Hanna who was an animator formed a partnership with Joseph Barbara, also an animator   in 1957.
  • They became the first animation studio to successfully produce animation especially for television.
  • Some of their best-known series include,  “Tom and Jerry” (1940),  “The Huckleberry Hound Show” (1958), “The Flintstones” (1960), “The Jetsons” (1962) and “The Smurfs” (1981).Together they have won seven Academy Awards and eight Emmy Awards, including the first Emmy for an animated programme.

 

Animators, William- Hanna

 

 

THIS DAY, THAT YEAR

Today the 11th of September in 

2001: The hijacking of two airliners in USA by 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists in  the morning which killed 2997 people and injured over a 6,000 people.

A brief synopsis  of the September 11 attacks:  

On the morning of September 11, 2001, 19 men hijacked  four airliners all bound for California. Once the hijackers assumed control of the airliners, they told the passengers that they had a bomb on board and would spare the lives of passengers and crew once their demands were met.

No passenger and crew actually suspected that they would use the airliners as suicide weapons since it had never happened before in history, and many previous hijacking attempts had been resolved with the passengers and crew escaping unharmed after obeying the hijackers.

The hijackers – members of Al-Qaeda’s Hamburg cell intentionally crashed two airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. Both buildings collapsed within two hours from fire damage related to the crashes, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others.

The hijackers crashed a third airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, just outside Washington D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the plane, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington D.C., to target the White House or the U.S. Capital.

None of the flights had any survivors. A total of 2,977 victims and the 19 hijackers perished in the attacks of the nineteen were citizens of Saudi Arabia, and the others were from the United Arab Emirates ,Egypt, and Lebanon.

Some interesting facts about this attack are that: 

Michael Jackson, the king of pop would have died in this attack if he had not cancelled the meeting he was about to attend at the World Trade Center.

The company that owned the World Trade Center had scheduled a meeting for 9/11 on the 88th floor of tower 1 to discuss what to do in the event of a terrorist attack, but rescheduled the night before because one participant could not attend.

Al-Qaeda initially planned to target nuclear installations rather than the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, but decided against it, fearing things could “get out of control.”

The attack on the World Trade Center

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1893: The first conference on the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, America. India was represented by the well- known philosopher and thinker, Swami Vivekananda.

All the speakers were addressing the audience using formal terms like Mr & Ms but  Swami Vivekananda began his speech with the words, ‘Sisters and Brothers of America’. The crowd of seven thousand  was so impressed by his speech that he received a two minute standing ovation.

Did you’ll know that Swami Vivekananda has a Goan connection and that he came down to Goa and stayed at the Rachol Seminary in Goa.

 

Swami Vivekanada at he first World Parliament of Religions in 1893.